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Political thought Res Publica

Considerations on the Government of Poland by Jean-Jacques Rousseau

On the eve of the 18th century Augustus II (the Strong) occupied the throne of the Commonwealth. He wasn’t legally elected by the nobility, and his various machinations dragged Poland-Lithuania into wars with Sweden and Russia. With Sweden’s intervention Augustus II lost his throne to Stanisław Leszczyński. With the support of Russia the situation changed […]

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Res Publica

The Most Serene Republic – Kingdom of Poland and Grand Duchy of Lithuania

The official name of the country was Kingdom of Poland and Grand Duchy of Lithuania. It was referred to in Latin as Regnum Poloniae Magnusque Ducatus Lithuaniae. Since the 17th century, in international relations, it was usually known as the Most Serene Republic of Poland, Serenissima Res Publica Poloniae. Locally it was called Rzeczpospolita – […]