Historisches Museum, ViennaFranz Geffels, The Battle of Vienna, 1683

Toleration and the Future of Europe by Timothy Snyder

New York Review of Books has an article by Timothy Snyder about the Siege of Vienna, 1683, in which the author explains why a black and white view of the event represented by some Islamophobes (Breivik included) is wrong: Historisches Museum, ViennaFranz Geffels, The Battle of Vienna, 1683 Toleration and the Future of Europe Timothy […]

Lulajże Jezuniu, a 17th Century Carol and Chopin’s Scherzo Nr 1 Op. 20

2010 is the Year of Chopin, and I promised myself to write about him before it ends. Chopin is known for making the Polish traditional and folk music his trademark, for which he’s considered the most Polish out of Polish composers. Parents His father, Nicolas Chopin, was born in the Duchy of Lorraine to a […]

Considerations on the Government of Poland by Jean-Jacques Rousseau

On the eve of the 18th century Augustus II (the Strong) occupied the throne of the Commonwealth. He wasn’t legally elected by the nobility, and his various machinations dragged Poland-Lithuania into wars with Sweden and Russia. With Sweden’s intervention Augustus II lost his throne to Stanisław Leszczyński. With the support of Russia the situation changed […]